In standard Spanishone can tell the pronunciation of a word from its spelling, but not vice versa, as certain phonemes can be represented in more than one way, but a given letter is consistently pronounced. The Korean language also has endings that adnominalize a predicate make it modify a following nounoperating in the same manner as an English relative clause: Circles containing the GreekCyrillic and Latin alphabets, which share many of the same lettersalthough they have different pronunciations The largest segmental script is probably an abugida, Devanagari.
Katakana were also used for telegrams in Japan beforeand for computer systems — before the introduction of multibyte characters — in the s. Arabic uses its own sequence, although Arabic retains the traditional abjadi order for numbering. However, a dozen Ugaritic tablets from the fourteenth century BC preserve the alphabet in two sequences.
Even after Vietnam gained its independence, Classical Chinese continued in use among the literati. As in English, judgment varies on what constitutes a word rather than a phrase. Although short a was not written, as in the Indic abugidas, one could argue that the linear arrangement made this a true alphabet.
Thus we get expressions like"Sanskrit,""Sanskrit characters.
Partly as a result, Vietnamese speakers tend to believe that their language is made up entirely of monosyllabic words. In the far south and the northeast, the accent is still maintained as distinctions of pitch, vowel length, or a combination of the two.
Consonants When they are initial, the simple stops p, t, and k are pronounced much as in English pie, tie, kitewith light aspiration.
The "Saka Era,"as the Indian historical era, significantly starts rather late 79 AD in relation to the antiquity of Indian civilization. For example, a comma-shaped letter represented g, d, y, k, or j.
The number of letters in an alphabet can be quite small. On the other hand, the Phagspa script of the Mongol Empire was based closely on the Tibetan abugidabut all vowel marks were written after the preceding consonant rather than as diacritic marks.
A history which reserves half its narrative for the nineteenth and twentieth centuries may seem more relevant, but it can scarcely do justice to India's extraordinary antiquity. The Book Pahlavi script, an abjad, had only twelve letters at one point, and may have had even fewer later on.
In French, these are not considered to be additional letters for the purposes of collation. The two Koreas differ in minor matters of spelling, alphabetization, and vocabulary choice including the names of the lettersbut both essentially endorse the unified standards proposed by the Korean Language Society in The clusters, in turn, were reduced from disyllabic strings by syncope omitting the vowel.
As these are common family names, Suzuki being the second most common in Japan,  it helps distinguish company names from surnames in writing. Runic used an unrelated Futhark sequence, which was later simplified. The examples given here are all in an informal style, but there are several other styles.
During the time it was the official language, Chinese had a massive influence on the Vietnamese language and literature. In a perfectly phonemic orthography there would be a consistent one-to-one correspondence between the letters and the phonemes, so that a writer could predict the spelling of a word given its pronunciation, and a speaker would always know the pronunciation of a word given its spelling, and vice versa.
Indeed, India was once an island in the Mesozoic Ocean, but it moved north and collided with Asia.
The McCune-Reischauer transcription writes l or r in accordance with the pronunciation, which is ignored by the Hangul spelling and the Yale romanization: The Chinese comma and period a hollow dot are commonly used, and modern punctuation marks have been taken from English.
The Vietnamese Writing System. Modern Vietnamese is written with the Latin alphabet, known as quoc ngu (quốc ngữ) in Vietnamese. Quoc ngu consists of 29 letters. These are: The 26 letters of the English alphabet minus f, j, w, and z.̣ (These letters are, however, found in foreign loanwords.).
regional 'Hanzi and kanji: differences in the Chinese and Japanese character sets today' Hugh Grigg; 年6月30日. Hanzi and kanji are the Chinese and Japanese pronunciations of the term 漢字 that is used in both languages.
Korean language: Korean language, language spoken by more than 75 million people, of whom 48 million live in South Korea and 24 million in North Korea. There are more than 2 million speakers in China, approximately 1 million in the United States, and aboutin Japan.
Korean is the official language of both. The Mauryas are the true beginning of historical India. This inception is particularly dramatic when we realize that Chandragupta seems to have actually met Alexander the Great in person.
Perhaps realizing that there were no historians writing down his deeds, the greatest king of the Dynasty, Ashoka (Asoka in Pâli), commemorated himself with. Mahapadma Nanda became King of Magadha and created what looks like the first "Empire" in Northern India.
While Indian history begins with some confidence with the Mauyras, the Nandas are now emerging into the light of history with a little more distinctness. An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that represent the phonemes (basic significant sounds) of any spoken language it is used to write.
This is in contrast to other types of writing systems, such as syllabaries (in which each character represents a syllable) and logographic systems (in which each character represents a word, morpheme, or semantic unit).How to distinguish japanese from chinese writing alphabet